At least 160 women have been killed in the first four months of 2021 in Guatemala — more than one per day. Amid more than 20,000 complaints of violence, few facilities are available for women to get help. Since the signing of the Peace Accords, however, economic concerns have come to rival security concerns as the primary motivating factor for Guatemalans to migrate. In surveys of Guatemalan immigrants along the U.S. border and of undocumented immigrants being deported, economic concerns have equaled or even surpassed the threat of violence as the impetus for making the journey.
Without subsampling, in the remaining seven communities, we allocated 84 women to the intervention arm and the remaining 71 were allocated to a control arm . The 16 circle leaders were identified based on prior collaborations and expressed interest and invited to co-design and co-facilitate the intervention. Nine were former community health workers , six were comadronas and one a community leader . Aged 27 to 70 (mean 47.4 ± 14.5) years, one had no formal schooling, six had incomplete and five completed primary schooling and four had incomplete secondary schooling.
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The final shape of the blade will be cut out from the form you see in the photo. The final curvature of the turbine blade will be different based on aerodynamics and the need to make the blades rigid. Working with our Guatemalan staff and local teaching legend Michael Smith, we created a course that teaches students with basic math and reading skills about electricity, circuits and solar design. The class is a big hit with a waiting list but, only one young Guatemalan woman signed up. We asked why and found that while young women have a strong interest in technical subjects and even more interest in solar, they don’t usually take technical classes with men.
We are now working with women teachers to set up a Tech-Ed class on Electric Circuits and Renewable Energy for young Guatemalan women. In May the University of Michigan Woven Wind students first met with the Guatemalan women weavers to discuss the project and to get new fabric specifically for their new prototype. The student team then traveled to a workshop in San Marcos la Laguna to build the new turbine design and to gather data on the cost of materials. We have had two trips in 2012 to Guatemala to meet and work with the women wind weavers. We met in February to discuss design changes and then in May a team of 11 University of Michigan Engineering students traveled to Guatemala to gather data and prototype a new turbine design. We also visited a new school that doesn’t have electricity in Tzununa on Lake Atitlan that may be a good candidate for our first production model wind turbine.
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A 2006 IOM evaluation of this labour migration project suggests that it “contributes to improving the situation of women,” in part because non-migrating female partners take up new roles and responsibilities that result in increased household power vis-a-vis their husbands. However, interviews conducted ethiopian women for marriage with some of these women in an indigenous farming village revealed a more complex situation in which male control in gender relations has largely continued. Because these acts are omissions and modifications to the law’s intended application, an overhaul of the law itself is unnecessary.
MAXQDA 11 (version 11.2.1) was used to organize the data and code the transcripts via thematic content analysis . AMC reviewed both analyses and extracted key dimensions and quotes for publication. In a study of this nature it is virtually impossible to keep allocation to groups concealed after the intervention starts. However, we made no announcements as to the allocation to any of the participants. The cumulative number of activities was used as a continuous variable for analyses. Only women who had a child under 2 years old participated in this questionnaire. A higher score indicates greater involvement in early infant stimulation activities.
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The nurse teams are comprised of two nurses, who are responsible for a segment of the communities in the region. There are ten communities in the Madres Sanas program that were combined into eight clusters; our biostastician did this in order to achieve similar cluster sizes, which was determined by the number of births in the communities in 2017. Because our study enrolls women at their final Madres Sanas visit, which is a postpartum visit that occurs about forty days out from delivery, the cluster size was based on delivery volume of the communities. The nurse teams are assigned by the nursing supervisor to their respective communities. They drive auto rickshaws provided by the Center for Human Development out to the communities to conduct their home visits, which include four antenatal visits and two postpartum visits. During the visits the nurses both provide clinical care and collect quality improvement and research data, and as such serve a dual function in their role. As noted, this study takes place at the final Madres Sanas visit, which occurs forty days after delivery.
- The northern state of Petén is now one of the most dangerous places for women in the whole of Central America.
- In 2003, in a groundbreaking decision, the International Court of Human Rights ordered the Guatemalan state to recognize its responsibility in the crime.
- For women who missed out on an education when they were younger, ActionAid provides literacy classes, arranged around childcare and household chores.
Guatemala’s indigenous women manifest some of the worst health indicators worldwide ; three in four live below the poverty line . Women of childbearing age living in indigenous areas show the highest rates of depression and anxiety in the country . Guatemala’s national health system provides limited access to mental health services; there are no formal mental health promotion and prevention programs, and limited involvement of service users and families in mental health systems . The Guatemalan civil war and long history of racial discrimination places indigenous populations at an additional disadvantage in terms of access to health services .